The colossal British Museum – dedicated to human history, art and culture – was established in 1753, and first opened in 1759 on a different site. The current building in Bloomsbury includes the spectacular glass-roofed Great Court, which was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in 2000. The museum’s permanent collection includes some 8 million works, with 330,000 from the Middle East including the most important collection of Mesopotamian antiquities outside Iraq. It is also controversially home to the Elgin Marbles, amid calls by some to return the sculptures to Greece. While entry to the museum is free, an admission charge usually applies to non-members wanting to access the special exhibits.